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Polizei der DDR

DDR Police


DDR
Nationalen Polizei

The Volkspolizei (German: People's Police) was the East German police force, whose officers were commonly nicknamed VoPos. Formed following the end of World War II and abolished after the German reunification, Volkspolizei officers were trained like soldiers and became feared as the means by which the East German government carried out its often oppressive policies.

Organisation

The Volkspolizei, as well as fulfilling traditional police duties such as investigation and traffic control, also worked closely with the Stasi and had their own network of informants that would crosscheck information gathered by Stasi informants, and vice versa.

Unlike Western police forces, the Volkspolizei was administered and directly subordinate to the Ministry of the Interior. It was run like a second army, with corresponding ranks and use of military drill.

Though this prevented corruption, it also greatly restricted the discretionary freedoms of its officers, meaning that some crimes remained unsolved because the perpetrators escaped while investigating officers needed to go through lengthy and complicated bureaucratic procedures.

Rather than the civil service status that West German police enjoyed, each Volkspolizist had a personal contract with the government, though they were well paid, and were guaranteed an apartment in a nice suburb of a large city, and special shops for them and their families.Main

Administration of the People's Police

Headed by a Police Colonel-General with a Lieutenant-general as Chief of staff, the Main Administration is the Headquarters of the Volkspolizei. It contained the following Departments:
 

  • Volkspolizei (General Police)

  • Transportpolizei (Transport Police)

  • Strafvollzug (Detention  Police)

  • Alert Police - actually a separate command under the Ministry of the Interior by operationally controlled by the Regional Commands of the volkspolizei.

VOLKSPOLIZEI

Forces: 12,000 troops
Mission: to enforce East German Communist law and protect domestic peace and internal security.

KASERNIERTE EINHEITEN (BARRACKS POLICE )BEPO

Also named as Garrisoned Police, Kasernierte Volkspolizei (KVP); also (loosely) Volkspolizei Bereitschaften.
Mission: Rapid response unit to quell any civil uprising, to provide People's Police with a SWAT/riot control element, and to assist the people during natural disasters. This group fell under the administrative auspices of the People's Police, but was combat-trained same as the NVA and wore unit-distinctive insignia.
Forces: 12,000 troops


TRANSPORTPOLIZEI (TRANSPORTATION POLICE)TRAPO

Mission: to protect East German rail lines against mishaps and saboteurs.
Organization: 8,500 troops
 

HUBSCHRAUBEREINHEIT AVIATION/HELICOPTER POLICE:
Mission: to assist police with operational air support: spotting, marking overtly hostile targets, riot control.
Forces: ?


STRAFVOLLZUG PRISON POLICE:
Mission: to serve as prison guards and administer the East German prison system.
Forces: ?

HAFENPOLIZEI AND WASSERSCHUTZPOLIZEI HARBOR POLICE/WATER POLICE:
Mission: to patrol harbors and major waterways as an adjunct of the People's Police.
Forces: small

ZOLLVERWALTUNG DDR Customs Service
Mission: check the GDR borders
Forces: ?